Land, climate and logistics.
Competitively priced land, tropical climate, and political and economic stability, gives Brazil a unique competitive advantages for forestry investment.
The competing countries are in Asia and Africa, but the first with high population density and the second with great political instability are not able to offer the same conditions, without considering the significant loss of genetic variability that has already occurred on those continents.
Climate is one of the most important influences on vegetation growth. The distinction is not only the magnitude of hot areas, but also the constancy and uniformity. The growth rate of trees is affected by various environmental factors, but temperature, incidence of solar energy and rainfall are the main ones.
A well-managed tree plantation is more productive than natural forests timber extraction. A forests plantation produces more wood per hectare than natural forests and in a more uniform size and quality, making it easier to harvest, transport and industrialize it.
Plantations can be located on suitable land, close to consumer and processing centers, with easier access and thus reducing the cost of transport.