Wood is indispensable, and because of its availability and characteristics, was one of the first materials to be used by mankind.
Mankind have always depended and used forests for food, shelter and fuel, but there is a significant difference between using resources and managing them. By definition, management is a process of exerting control for the purposes of allocating benefits.
Little tough was ever given on the impacts, rate of regeneration, and on the future survival of forests and the species that depend on their existence. Forests were seen as an infinite resource, exploited until exhaustion and environmental costs ignored.
Despite the advent of synthetic products, it continues to be one of the most used materials in architecture and civil engineering due to its strength, versatility, functionality, variety and beauty.